What Are Osteoporosis Fractures?
Osteoporosis Fractures are associated with low bone mass. The fractures result from major traumas such as motor accidents to fractures due to a fall. A patient may not experience discomfort until when he/she see the symptoms such as an injury or an osteoporotic fracture. Psychological and financial cost involved in this “silent disease” are quite huge.
What Causes Osteoporotic Fractures?
Some of the common causes of Osteoporosis fractures include:
- Previous falls
- Current smoking
- Glucocorticoid therapy
Other than reduced Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and increasing age, other clinical factors that may cause fractures include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Excess alcohol intake
- Parental history
Causes of reduced BMD are:
- Crushing’s syndrome or Corticosteroid therapy
- Untreated premature menopause
- Crohn’s illness
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Chronic renal failure
- Post transplantation
- Sedentary lifestyle or prolonged immobilization
- Poor diet
- Primary hyperparathyroidism
- Female Gender
However, women have a high risk than men while older men are more susceptible.
What Are the Symptoms Of Osteoporotic Fractures?
Since Osteoporotic Fractures is a “silent disease”, there are no known symptoms until the fractures occur. However, there are clinical symptoms that include one or more of the following combinations:
- Height loss
- Limited spinal mobility
- Disability and deformity
- Walking or standing makes the pain worse
- Sudden back pain
- Lying on thebackeasesthepain
Diagnosis Of Osteoporotic Fractures
Many doctors will look at fractures as sufficient to carry out osteoporosis diagnosis despite the patient’s BMD level. Bone densitometry helps to monitor and assess therapy to those with fractures. Biochemical evaluation of urine and serum will help to exclude the secondary causes. Pharmacologic therapy is also offered to patients to prevent future fractures.
Single-energy Absorption and digital X-ray radiogrammetry will help assess the mineral content of the whole skeleton. Ultrasonic measurement of the bones can also be used to assess fracture risk.
What Are The Treatment Options For Osteoporotic Fractures?
Osteoporotic treatment options include drug treatments, advice on nutrition, and measures to minimize falls and exercises.
Painful fractures can be treated with over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin or acetaminophen. Severe pains are treated using short-time bed rests and strong drugs beginning with a small dose of opiates combined with acetaminophen. Heat or ice packs are can also be applied on the affected parts to ease inflammation.
Patients will need to take adequate vitamin D, vitamin supplements, and calcium intake.
Patient who have a T-score below -2.5 will need to:
- Reduce polypharmacy
- Take adequate calcium supplements
Patients with osteoporotic fractures and Postmenopause osteoporosis are treated using bisphonate or calcitriol. Risedronate, etidronate, disodium and alendroic are used to prevent post menopause osteoporosis too.
Both vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are also used. These procedures are performed under the skin under conscious sedation. If the patient has a poor health, is old, has many fractures, or cannot lie on her/his stomach, general anesthesia is used to treat the condition.
Any patient with osteoporosis will need to take plenty of exercises. Avoid activities with high risks of falling such as skating, skiing and those that have high impacts such as jumping rope, jogging and those that make you bend or twist.
Colorado Clinic offers top compression fracture treatment which may include medications, bracing and kyphoplasty. There are three locations in Northern Colorado including Boulder, Greeley and Loveland. Call today!