To know about hamstring injuries and its treatments we should also know what is hamstring. The tendons that attach the huge muscles at the rear of the thigh to bone are known as Hamstrings. Sports medicine doctor Boulder says that the hamstring muscles are the big muscles that tug on these ligaments. Hamstrings as per medical science are also known as posterior thigh muscles or as the semimembranosus, the semitendinosus, and the biceps femoris muscles. The muscle is spread across the thighs over both the hips and knees. They originate right from the end of the buttocks. One might ask the necessity of this muscle. This muscle helps us to bend or flex the knee .When someone tries to move the thigh backwards its helps in extending or straightening the hip. However these large muscles are not that much active and for people who are not that much active these muscles weakens. However athletes or who does rigorous physical activities has a very strong hold on these muscles says pain management doctors.
The hamstring injuries mainly occur with sports personalities or athletes according to Colorado Clinic. The range of injuries has been graded into three categories, namely:
- Grade I- Minor Strain
- Grade II- Partial ruptures
- Grade III- Severe or complete rupture
The grade III injured mostly occur with sports personalities who play football, basketball, baseball or any sports which requires running. These injuries can be cured. A mild strain or rupture can be cured with minor traces. However sometimes these injuries can end ones career and his sports journey.
Any action that is allied with sudden speeding up when commencing or during running can lead to a hamstring injury! Common athletic events where hamstring injuries happen include track and field events, football, baseball, soccer, and basketball.
With the help of MRI or ultrasound we would be able to have a clear picture of the injured tendons. When these injuries occur a pop sound can often be heard by the person who suffers it. They will grab the thigh in pain and fall down. This is followed by limping since they cannot stretch or extend the leg or hip properly anymore. The area of injury will have pain and often will be tender.
Research states that most of the hamstring injuries are cured without any surgery. Grade I & II injuries are cured by non-surgical methods. However if there is severe rupture or tear surgery is mandatory. The aim of treatment is to reinstate muscle function and avert scar development. Primarily, treatment consists of rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Rest refers to evasion of offending activities and often times comprises restriction of movement. In severe cases, crutches or splinting may be required. Ice, compression, and elevation all assist in monitoring pain and inflammation. A small course of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, such as aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen may be useful.
Once the treatment is over it is extremely important to recover from it. Since the muscles will be inactive for a long period of time there can be a chance to muscle shrinkage and scar tissue reveals . When one has hold on the pain one can start stretching and exercising a little. It should be a priority to have flexibility to do daily activities again. Once the patient gain the energy to work out regularly they can eventually go back to doing their normal activities.