The human body is very complex yet so simple to understand. This is so much the case when it comes to the spinal cord and the brain. These two are the most sensitive parts of the body and for that matter they are kept under maximum protection.
The spinal cord is enclosed by 24 bones called vertebrae which run all the way from the base of the head through to the lower back. Between the vertebrae there are the flexible intervertebral discs containing some jelly-like nucleus. When this nucleus escapes from its right position, then one is said to have a herniated disc. Other names for herniated disc include lumbar herniated disc, herniated nucleus pulposus, “slipped disc” or “pinched nerve.”
Treatments for herniated disc
There are so many options that you can go with to treat a herniated disc. The treatment selected is based on the intensity of the condition. In the mild cases of disc herniation resting may do the trick. Anti-inflammatory medication will also be given to help reduce the inflammation that comes with herniated discs as well as alleviate the pain.
In general, the non-surgical treatments are the aforementioned anti-inflammatory drugs and rest. Physical therapy is also involved. Chiropractors specialize in treating such problems, which may involves spinal decompression therapy. TENS units, acupuncture may also help.
Colorado pain management doctors offer medical and interventional pain management for the treatment of symptomatic herniated disc. This may include muscle relaxers, opiates or neurogenic medications such as Lyrica. Additionally, interventional treatments may include trigger point injections and epidural steroid injections.
Epidural steroid injections have been shown in numerous studies to provide pain relief in over 75% of patients. It may take a series of 3 injections to obtain appropriate relief, Trigger point injections may help considerably with spasm relief.
With comprehensive treatment, less than 5% of patients will end up needing surgery for a herniated disc. With a combination of medications, injections and treatments such as chiro and PT, most patients are able to get back to work, playing with their kids and enjoying life.