Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cell Therapy for Sports Injuries and Avoiding Joint Replacement
For orthopedic and sports medicine, stem cells are a miracle breakthrough. They work to heal sports injuries, as well as degenerative arthritis by turning into other types of cells. Stem cells are derived from bone marrow, and they show promise for sports injuries, arthritis, rotator cuff tears, and tendonitis.
Why are stem cells used?
Stem cell therapy is used to treat both injuries and degenerative conditions, including tendonitis, arthritis, and ligament problems. These cells develop into different types of tissues, which is vital for repairing damaged joint areas and torn body structures. Many clinical studies show that stem cells promote healing and growth, as well as stimulate the release of growth factors. In addition, stem cells have the ability to turn into tendon, ligament, cartilage, and bone cells. This is the reason they are so revolutionary for healing sports injuries.
How do bone marrow-derived stem cells treat musculoskeletal injuries and arthritis?
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are harvested from the patient’s own bone marrow, which eliminates the risk for immune rejection, as well as ethical concerns regarding fetal tissue. After taking the stem cells from the body, they are processed through a structured laboratory procedure.
Does stem cell therapy work for treatment of arthritis and injuries?
Stem cell therapy in orthopedics and pain management is used to repair damaged tissues through harnessing the healing power of undifferentiated cells that form other cells. This involves isolating the stem cells from the bone marrow, adipose tissue (fat cells), amniotic fluid, or blood, and then injecting them into the damaged body region. Initial clinical trials with stem cell therapy are quite promising. Patients in the treatment groups report greater pain relief compared to the control group. In addition, minimal complications have been noted.
How is the stem cell therapy procedure performed?
The steps of stem cell therapy include:
- The Colorado pain management doctor uses a local anesthetic to numb the skin over the hip region.
- A small needle is inserted into the bone marrow using x-ray guidance, and bone marrow is aspirated (withdrawn).
- When 30-60 cc of fluid is extracted, the stem cells and platelets are separated from the rest of the blood through a centrifuge process (spinning machine).
- The Colorado stem cell doctor takes the processed stem cells and injects them directly into the damaged/injured body region or joint.
What can I expect after the stem cell therapy procedure?
Expect some numbness after the procedure, which persists for around 1-2 hours. Avoid using anti-inflammatory medicines for around 4 weeks. Soreness at the site of the hip is normal, and increased pain in the injected site may occur, lasting 2-4 days. Complications to be aware of include bruising, infection, and nerve damage.
You should plan on taking it easy for at least 24-48 hours, and then resume activity as tolerated.
What are the benefits of stem cell therapy?
Stem cell therapy reduces pain and offers long-lasting pain relief. Since the patient’s own cells are used, there is no chance of rejection. This procedure is inexpensive and safe, and clinical studies support its effectiveness.
The majority of patients experience tremendous pain relief and are able to delay or avoid the need for potentially risky surgeries. The Board Certified Colorado Clinic pain doctors offer the procedures at several clinics in Boulder, Greeley, Loveland, Longmont and Buena Vista Colorado. Call Today!
Diekman BO & Guilak F. (2013). Stem cell-based therapies for osteoarthritis: challenges and opportunities. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 25(1):119-26. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0b013e32835aa28d.
Jo CH, Lee YG, Shin WH, et al. (2014). Intra-Articular Injection of Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Proof-of-Concept Clinical Trial. Stem Cells, 32(5):1254-66. doi: 10.1002/stem.1634.
Keerthi N, Chimutengwende-Gordon M, Sanghani A, & Khan W. (2013).The potential of stem cell therapy for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Current Stem Cell Research Therapy, 8(6):444-50.