Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are two procedures used to treat vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). Both of these procedures involve repairing the fracture and restoring bone height. Depending on the patient, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are often done as outpatient procedures. However, some people must stay overnight for observation.
What causes VCFs?
A vertebral compression fracture is caused by thinning bones, such as osteopo...
The occipital nerve block is a form of treatment for various headache syndromes. The occipital nerves are located at the back of the head, right above the neck region. Injecting these nerves will stop pain signal transmission to the brain.
What are the occipital nerves?
The occipital nerves are two pairs of nerves that originate near the 2nd and 3rd cervical (neck) vertebrae. These nerves start at the base of the skull (neck nape) and spread t...
Substance abuse is a problem that needs to be addressed as soon as it is recognized. Effective drug rehabilitation at leading rehabs, such as Colorado Clinic in Boulder can help patients overcome addiction and cultivate a drug-free lifestyle.
Unfortunately, many people do not realize that they are abusing drugs for a long time. Here are the most common signs that a person is suffering from drug abuse and should seek treatment at a rehab immediately.
For people who suffer from chronic neck or back pain, an epidural steroid injection (ESI) is an option to improve function and reduce pain. This procedure is minimally invasive and can offer long-term pain relief.
What medications are used in the ESI procedure?
Corticosteroids are agents that inhibit pro-inflammatory molecules to reduce pain. The pain often occurs due to inflammation, which is associated with the release of these inflammatory molecules that leads to chemical damage of nerv...
The majority of opioid medications are metabolized by the CYP450 isoenzymes. These isoenzymes are related to drug metabolism, and there are 9 CYP isoenzymes of clinical importance. Researchers have found that long-term opioid users have a defective opioid metabolism related to the CYP450 isoenzymes.
What is chronic pain?
Acute pain is a naturally occurring sensation triggered in the nervous system to alert a person of possible injury. Chronic pain, however, persists for more than 3 months....