Types of topical medicines and their use in pain syndromes

There are times when you can cure the pains in any part of your body by applying topical medicine. Yes, it cures you from a definite pain syndrome and is something of low risk. But whenever we suffer from a pain syndrome, the most common scenario that strikes us is having a pill. But the topical pain relievers are something miraculous that can relive you from the pain by simply applying it to the local areas.

Some of the common forms of topical medications are creams and patches. Doctors at the pain management clinic have a clear indication to use topical medicines, which are better than oral medicines. Moreover, there are patients who simply cannot swallow pills, even for some who had undergone operations might have lost the ability to absorb drugs through their GI system that is when topical medicines acts as a boon for them.

One can easily use a pain relief cream or a patch when you have a pain in a local area. If you have pain in the joint, then apply to the joint area and surroundings, whereas in case of oral medication the drug is spread across the whole body.

What are the three main types of pain medications?

    • Local Anesthetics

      These topical medicines numb the painful areas for a brief period. They come across a variety of use. For example, lidocaine patches helps to relieve you from burning sensation, stabbing, chronic aches which might have occurred post-shingles infection. Dentist too prefers to use topical anesthetic on the gums to help ease the pain when he injects a medicine. Some of the topical medicines are also available over the counter such as sprays and gels to treat strings of sunburn etc.

    • Pain Medications

      Medication applied to the skin such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac reduces inflammation in local areas of the body or may be an aspirin cream that block substances in the body that causes pain. These topical medicines may contain narcotic pain relievers, such as fentanyl. However, some medicines are available over the counter, but most are dispensed but the right prescription.

    • Counter Irritants

      These topical medicines have mainly menthol, eucalyptus or wintergreen oil in their composition that produces a cool feeling on the irritated nerve endings and skin, distracting the brain from the deep pain psyche.

Some Cautions You Need to Pay Attention

Not everyone is good at topical therapy for pain relief. People may be allergic to adhesive patches, so they must avoid them. Even people who are sensitive to ingredients in oral medicines must not intake. Many people have also shown symptoms of kidney problems, they must resent the use of ibrufen pain creams. It is better not to apply a pain reliever on infected skin. Well, you will find the doctors asking you to apply pain reliever not too much nor too less, since overdose can harm. Read the specific direction mentioned at the back of the patch or cream. And keep a check on the number of times you can apply the patches.