What is Diabetic Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is another name for nerve damage. Diabetic neuropathy, on the other hand, is a common complication that is caused by diabetes mellitus. Most people who suffer from diabetes often have high levels of blood sugar. It is estimated that diabetes mellitus affects approximately 30-50% of patients which causes a major impact in terms of costs, morbidity and mortality. With time, the high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels responsible for oxygen transportation to the nerves can be damaged.
Which are the Types of Diabetic Neuropathy?
There are three kinds of diabetic neuropathy as given below;
Peripheral neuropathy: this is damage caused to the peripheral nerves which are the nerves responsible for pain, touch, hot and cold. When peripheral nerves are affected, they interfere with the muscle strength and your movement. The damage may get worse day by day, finally leading to serious foot problems.
Autonomic neuropathy: this is damage caused by autonomic nerves. Autonomic nerves are responsible for your blood pressure, urination, heartbeat, sweating, digestion and sexual function.
Focal neuropathy: this one affects just one single nerve, in this case, the wrist, thigh or foot. In most case, it is sudden. Similarly, it may also affect the nerves found on your back, the chest as well as the eye muscles.
What are the Symptoms of Neuropathy?
The causes and symptoms of diabetic neuropathies may differ however the symptoms of nerve damage include numbness, indigestion, tingling of the feet and lower legs, loss of bladder control, difficulty swallowing and dizziness.
Remember that it is always wise to start treatment as early as possible. If you have any doubts concerning diabetes neuropathy, it is good to seek help from a professional doctor.
Which are the Treatment Methods for Diabetic Neuropathy?
Treatment and management of diabetic neuropathy should start immediately a patient have been diagnosed with diabetes. Failure to diagnose this disorder at an earlier stage can lead to serious consequences, including disability and amputation.
Here are some treatment methods that will work well for patients with diabetic neuropathy.
Physical Therapy Treatment: Physical therapy is quite an effective treatment method which helps recover, restore, maintain and improve your physical functionality. In case you have a problem of muscle weakness, physical therapy can help in improving your movements. You can use a hand or foot braces, a walker, a cane, or a wheelchair.
Anticonvulsants: Anticonvulsants are treatments used to block calcium channels that are useful for the neurons in alleviating pain.
Electrical Nerve Stimulation: This involves the use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). Here, electrodes are carefully placed on the area affected and are meant to stimulate the nerves and help manage pain.
Ultrasound: These are high-frequency sound waves used to generate heat that is used in muscle tissues to alleviate pain and reduce incidences of swelling and inflammation.
Topical Medications: This category includes medication such as capsaicin and lidocaine which are used to relieve pain in patients
Spinal Cord Stimulator – These have been a revolutionary treatment for neuropathy. They have been shown not only to help with pain relief, but also can restore lost sensation!
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is a painful form of diabetes. Early diagnosis of this disorder eliminates the chances of a severe attack in the later stages. These treatments can help a lot with pain relief, however, it is in each patient’s best interest to get the blood sugars under control to prevent further deterioration.
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